The CRC recognises the central role of parents to nurture children. As a result, treatment decisions for family members, particularly mothers, have implications for children. Obstetricians, midwives, and public health authorities therefore have a responsibility to provide high standards of peripartum care for the safety of mothers, the continuity of the family, and to ensure the best start in life for neonates. In this context, widening the provision of antenatal care and skilled birth attendants where they are scarce is important, since improving maternal health is a critical driver for better child health. An example is tetanus vaccination at antenatal clinics in Ethiopia to prevent neonatal death from the disease.
A child-rights approach empowers health-care professionals to become actors for change by giving them a mechanism to confront causes of poor health in children. Whether the cause is inadequate vaccination programmes in developing countries or inappropriate advertisements for calorie-dense food in developed countries, the CRC provides a template for a multidisciplinary approach to address threats to health. For instance, in the USA, agencies concerned with child welfare have been united by medical–legal child health partnerships.