The Convention on the Rights of the Child
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United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and strives to establish child rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behavious towards children. The Convention is the human rights treaty that came most rapidly into force. Ratified by 187 countries as of 15 April 1996, it is close to being the first such convention to achieve universal ratification.
Among key provisions are:
Article 2 requires countries to apply the Convention to each child without discrimination of any kind.
- Survival and development
Article 6 affirms that every child has the inherent right to life, and calls on countries to ensure children's survival and development.
- Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
Article 14 guarantees children the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
- Abuse and neglect
Article 19 requires the protection of children from all forms of violence, injury, abuse, neglect, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse.
- Health and nutrition
Article 24 stipulates that children have the right to the highest standard of health care and nutrition available.
- Standard of living
Article 27 calls on counties to recognize the right of every child to a standard of living adequate for physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.
- Child labour
Article 32 requires that children be protected from work that is exploitative, hazardous or interferes with their education.
- Sexual exploitation
Article 34 mandates that children be protected from all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse, particularly prostitution and pornography.
- Armed conflicts
Article 38 provides that States take all feasible measures to ensure the protection and care of children affected by armed conflict.
updated: 27 July, 2013