The Convention on the Rights of the Child
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Summary of United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
- A child means every human being under the age of eighteen years, unless, under the applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.
- Every child has the inherent right to life.
- Every child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality, and the right to know and be cared for by his parents
- Every child has the right to preservation of his or her identity.
- Every child who is separated from his parents has the right to maintain personal relations and direct contact with both parents on a regular basis, except if it is contrary to the child's best interests.
- Every child has the right to leave any country, including their own.
- Every child has the right to express his/her own views freely in all matters affecting the.
- Every child has the right to freedom of expression.
- Every child has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
- Every child has the right to freedom of association and to freedom of peaceful assembly.
- Every child has the right to privacy.
- Every child has the right to protection of the law in case of interference or attacks on said privacy.
- Every child has the right to access information and material from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his/her social, spiritual and moral will-being and physical and mental health.
- Children of working parents have the right to benefit from child-care services and facilities for which they are eligible.
- Every child has the right to protection from all forms of abuse, physically or mentally.
- Every child temporarily or permanently deprived of his/her own family environment has the right to special protection and assistance provided by the state.
- Every child who is seeking refugee status has the right to receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance.
- Every mentally or physically disabled child has the right to enjoy a full and decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity and promote self-reliance.
- Every child has the right to the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and the rehabilitation of health.
- Every child who has been "placed" by the competent authorities for the purposes of care has the right to a periodic review of the treatment provided the child and all other circumstances relevant to his/her placement.
- Every child has the right to benefit from social security, including social insurance.
- Every child has the right to a standard of living adequate for the child's physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.
- Every child has the right to education.
- Every child has the right to enjoy his/her own culture, to profess and practice his/her own religion and to use his/her own language.
- Every child has the to engage in play, recreational activities, and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts.
- Every child has the right to be protected from economic exploitation.
- Every child has the right to be protected from the illicit use of narcotic drugs, and from being used in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances.
- Every child has the right to be protected from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse.
- Every child alleged as or accused of having infringed the penal law has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.
- Every child has the right to prompt access to legal and other assistance.
- Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment will be imposed for offenses committed by persons below 18 years of age.
- Every child has the right to protection during times of war.